The federal health and safety legislation is commonly referred to as Canada Labour Code Part II and regulations under the Code. The Canada Labour Code also applies to employees of companies or sectors that operate across provincial or international borders. These businesses include: airports and airlines.
There are fourteen jurisdictions in Canada – one federal, ten provincial and three territorial each having its own occupational health and safety legislation. For most people in Canada, the agency that you would contact is the provincial or territorial agency in the area where you work. There are some exceptions to this. Federal legislation covers employees of the federal government including Crown agencies and corporations across Canada.
Labor legislation falls primarily under the jurisdiction of Canada’s provinces and territories. However, the federal Labor Program is the occupational health and safety (OHS) regulatory authority for workplaces designated under federal jurisdiction (e.g. mining, energy).